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Africa

Africa is the continent of superlatives. It is divided into more than 50 countries, more than 1000 different languages are spoken there and with the Namib Desert and the Sahara, both the oldest and the largest desert on earth are located on the continent. In addition, the cradle of the world, as Africa is also called, has the greatest diversity of animal species on earth. To keep it that way, there are numerous protected areas and reserves in Africa. Well over 100 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as the Medina of Tunis in Tunisia or the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles, bear witness to the continent's impressive diversity.

List of countries in Africa

On this page you will find a list of all countries in Africa. Click on a country in the map to go directly to the respective travel guide.

01

Nigeria

190.9 million inhabitants
Nigeria
Nigeria is a country in West Africa.
02

Ethiopia

105.0 million inhabitants
Ethiopia
In this country, trips always become expeditions. Ethiopia is the roof of Africa and whoever goes there for trekking should know beforehand what to expect. The largest part of the highlands, where the wildly rugged Ras Daschan rises 4,600 meters into the sky, belongs to the zone "Woina Dega", the "wine ...
03

Democratic Republic of the Congo

86.8 million inhabitants
Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo is a country in Central Africa.
04

South Africa

59.6 million inhabitants
South Africa
South Africa is a country on the southern coast of Africa.
05

Tanzania

57.3 million inhabitants
Tanzania
Tanzania is a country in East Africa.
06

Kenya

48.5 million inhabitants
Kenya
Kenya is a country in East Africa.
07

Uganda

42.9 million inhabitants
Uganda
Uganda is a country in East Africa.
08

Algeria

41.3 million inhabitants
Algeria
Algeria is the second largest country on the African continent. But it is, apart from a few cities on the Mediterranean, quite sparsely populated. It is the immensity of the largely vegetationless Sahara that characterizes Algeria and takes up a considerable part of the country. For a long period of ...
09

Sudan

40.5 million inhabitants
Sudan
Sudan is a country in northeast Africa.
10

Morocco

36.0 million inhabitants
Morocco
Morocco is a country in Africa.
11

Angola

29.8 million inhabitants
Angola
The wealth of the African country of Angola gushes from the earth. Only Nigeria produces more oil on the continent than Angola. The economy experienced booming years with a double-digit growth spurt. It was the Portuguese navigator Diogo Cao who sailed across the Congo estuary in 1482, tying Angola to its ...
12

Mozambique

29.7 million inhabitants
Mozambique
Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa.
13

Ghana

26.9 million inhabitants
Ghana
Ghana is a country in West Africa.
14

Madagascar

25.6 million inhabitants
Madagascar
Madagascar is an island nation in the south of Africa.
15

Cote d’Ivoire

24.3 million inhabitants
Cote d’Ivoire
The Ivory Coast is a country in Africa.
16

Cameroon

24.1 million inhabitants
Cameroon
Cameroon is a country in Central Africa.
17

Niger

21.5 million inhabitants
Niger
Niger is a country in West Africa.
18

Burkina Faso

20.5 million inhabitants
Burkina Faso
There is a lack of water and fertile soil - Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world and suffers to a particular extent from climate change. The people in this part of West Africa repeatedly complain of droughts and thus crop failures, and countless small farmers ...
19

Malawi

18.6 million inhabitants
Malawi
Malawi is a country in Southeast Africa.
20

Mali

18.5 million inhabitants
Mali
Mali is a country in West Africa.
21

Zambia

17.1 million inhabitants
Zambia
Zambia is a country in the south of Africa.
22

Zimbabwe

16.5 million inhabitants
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a country in the south of Africa.
23

Senegal

15.9 million inhabitants
Senegal
Senegal is a country in West Africa.
24

Chad

15.5 million inhabitants
Chad
Chad is a country in Central Africa.
25

Guinea

12.7 million inhabitants
Guinea
Guinea is a country in West Africa.
26

South Sudan

12.6 million inhabitants
South Sudan
South Sudan is a country in Africa.
27

Rwanda

12.2 million inhabitants
Rwanda
Rwanda is a country in East Africa.
28

Tunisia

11.6 million inhabitants
Tunisia
Tunisia is a country in North Africa.
29

Burundi

11.5 million inhabitants
Burundi
It is long, narrow and very deep - Lake Tanganyika. The landlocked country of Burundi shares the waters with its neighbours Tanzania, Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The freshwater lake is the small country's greatest attraction and feeds many of its inhabitants. It is exceptionally rich in fish. ...
30

Benin

11.2 million inhabitants
Benin
The historical kingdom of Benin gave this country its name. However, its territory was still on the territory of today's Nigeria. After the period of French colonialism and the autonomy of the small state, the inhabitants went through troubled years with an unstable government. This changed in December 1990 after the ...
31

Somalia

11.0 million inhabitants
Somalia
Somalia is a country in East Africa.
32

Togo

7.8 million inhabitants
Togo
Togo is a country in West Africa.
33

Sierra Leone

7.6 million inhabitants
Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa.
34

Libya

6.7 million inhabitants
Libya
Libya is a country in North Africa.
35

Republic of the Congo

5.3 million inhabitants
Republic of the Congo
The Republic of Congo is a country in Central Africa.
36

Liberia

4.7 million inhabitants
Liberia
Liberia is a country in West Africa.
37

Central African Republic

4.7 million inhabitants
Central African Republic
The Central African Republic is a country in Africa.
38

Mauritania

4.4 million inhabitants
Mauritania
Mauritania is a country in northwestern Africa.
39

Eritrea

3.5 million inhabitants
Eritrea
Eritrea is a country in East Africa.
40

Namibia

2.5 million inhabitants
Namibia
Namibia is a country in the south of Africa.
41

Botswana

2.3 million inhabitants
Botswana
Botswana is a country in the south of Africa known for its national parks. The Moremi Game Reserve in northwest Botswana was the first protected area in the African south to be established by locals before the country's sovereignty and independence from Britain. They must have been people with vision, ...
42

Lesotho

2.2 million inhabitants
Lesotho
Lesotho is a country in the south of Africa.
43

The Gambia

2.1 million inhabitants
The Gambia
The Gambia is a country in West Africa.
44

Gabon

2.0 million inhabitants
Gabon
Gabon is a country in West Africa.
45

Guinea-Bissau

1.9 million inhabitants
Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau is a country in Africa.
46

Equatorial Guinea

1.3 million inhabitants
Equatorial Guinea
If you are looking for this country on the globe, you only have to look for the equator. Equatorial Guinea is the only country on earth, along with the South American state of Ecuador, to have its latitude in its name. An oil boom has made Equatorial Guinea rich, and ...
47

Mauritius

1.3 million inhabitants
Mauritius
Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean.
48

Eswatini

1.1 million inhabitants
Eswatini
Eswatini is a country in the south of Africa.
49

Djibouti

1.0 million inhabitants
Djibouti
Djibouti is a country in East Africa.
50

Réunion

0.9 million inhabitants
Réunion
Réunion is an island in the Indian Ocean and French overseas department.
51

Comoros

0.8 million inhabitants
Comoros
Comoros is an island nation in the Indian Ocean.
52

Western Sahara

0.6 million inhabitants
Western Sahara
Western Sahara is a country on the Atlantic coast of northwest Africa.
53

Cape Verde

0.5 million inhabitants
Cape Verde
Cape Verde is an African island nation.
54

Mayotte

0.3 million inhabitants
Mayotte
Mayotte is an archipelago and French overseas department in the Indian Ocean.
55

São Tomé and Príncipe

0.2 million inhabitants
São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé and Príncipe is an island nation off the coast of Africa.
56

Seychelles

95,800 inhabitants
Seychelles
The Seychelles are an island nation in the Indian Ocean.
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha is a British overseas territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean.