Africa is the continent of superlatives. It is divided into more than 50 countries, more than 1000 different languages are spoken there and with the Namib Desert and the Sahara, both the oldest and the largest desert on earth are located on the continent. In addition, the cradle of the world, as Africa is also called, has the greatest diversity of animal species on earth. To keep it that way, there are numerous protected areas and reserves in Africa. Well over 100 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as the Medina of Tunis in Tunisia or the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles, bear witness to the continent's impressive diversity.
List of countries in Africa
On this page you will find a list of all countries in Africa. Click on a country in the map to go directly to the respective travel guide.
190.9 million inhabitants
Nigeria is a country in West Africa.
105.0 million inhabitants
In this country, trips always become expeditions. Ethiopia is the roof of Africa and whoever goes there for trekking should know beforehand what to expect. The largest part of the highlands, where the wildly rugged Ras Daschan rises 4,600 meters into the sky, belongs to the zone "Woina Dega", the "wine ...
86.8 million inhabitants
The Democratic Republic of Congo is a country in Central Africa.
59.6 million inhabitants
South Africa is a country on the southern coast of Africa.
57.3 million inhabitants
Tanzania is a country in East Africa.
48.5 million inhabitants
Kenya is a country in East Africa.
42.9 million inhabitants
Uganda is a country in East Africa.
41.3 million inhabitants
Algeria is the second largest country on the African continent. But it is, apart from a few cities on the Mediterranean, quite sparsely populated. It is the immensity of the largely vegetationless Sahara that characterizes Algeria and takes up a considerable part of the country. For a long period of ...
40.5 million inhabitants
Sudan is a country in northeast Africa.
36.0 million inhabitants
Morocco is a country in Africa.
29.8 million inhabitants
The wealth of the African country of Angola gushes from the earth. Only Nigeria produces more oil on the continent than Angola. The economy experienced booming years with a double-digit growth spurt. It was the Portuguese navigator Diogo Cao who sailed across the Congo estuary in 1482, tying Angola to its ...
29.7 million inhabitants
Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa.
26.9 million inhabitants
Ghana is a country in West Africa.
25.6 million inhabitants
Madagascar is an island nation in the south of Africa.
24.3 million inhabitants
The Ivory Coast is a country in Africa.
24.1 million inhabitants
Cameroon is a country in Central Africa.
21.5 million inhabitants
Niger is a country in West Africa.
20.5 million inhabitants
There is a lack of water and fertile soil - Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world and suffers to a particular extent from climate change. The people in this part of West Africa repeatedly complain of droughts and thus crop failures, and countless small farmers ...
18.6 million inhabitants
Malawi is a country in Southeast Africa.
18.5 million inhabitants
Mali is a country in West Africa.
17.1 million inhabitants
Zambia is a country in the south of Africa.
16.5 million inhabitants
Zimbabwe is a country in the south of Africa.
15.9 million inhabitants
Senegal is a country in West Africa.
15.5 million inhabitants
Chad is a country in Central Africa.
12.7 million inhabitants
Guinea is a country in West Africa.
12.6 million inhabitants
South Sudan is a country in Africa.
12.2 million inhabitants
Rwanda is a country in East Africa.
11.6 million inhabitants
Tunisia is a country in North Africa.
11.5 million inhabitants
It is long, narrow and very deep - Lake Tanganyika. The landlocked country of Burundi shares the waters with its neighbours Tanzania, Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The freshwater lake is the small country's greatest attraction and feeds many of its inhabitants. It is exceptionally rich in fish. ...
11.2 million inhabitants
The historical kingdom of Benin gave this country its name. However, its territory was still on the territory of today's Nigeria. After the period of French colonialism and the autonomy of the small state, the inhabitants went through troubled years with an unstable government. This changed in December 1990 after the ...
11.0 million inhabitants
Somalia is a country in East Africa.
7.8 million inhabitants
Togo is a country in West Africa.
7.6 million inhabitants
Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa.
6.7 million inhabitants
Libya is a country in North Africa.
5.3 million inhabitants
The Republic of Congo is a country in Central Africa.
4.7 million inhabitants
Liberia is a country in West Africa.
4.7 million inhabitants
The Central African Republic is a country in Africa.
4.4 million inhabitants
Mauritania is a country in northwestern Africa.
3.5 million inhabitants
Eritrea is a country in East Africa.
2.5 million inhabitants
Namibia is a country in the south of Africa.
2.3 million inhabitants
Botswana is a country in the south of Africa known for its national parks. The Moremi Game Reserve in northwest Botswana was the first protected area in the African south to be established by locals before the country's sovereignty and independence from Britain. They must have been people with vision, ...
2.2 million inhabitants
Lesotho is a country in the south of Africa.
2.1 million inhabitants
The Gambia is a country in West Africa.
2.0 million inhabitants
Gabon is a country in West Africa.
1.9 million inhabitants
Guinea-Bissau is a country in Africa.
1.3 million inhabitants
If you are looking for this country on the globe, you only have to look for the equator. Equatorial Guinea is the only country on earth, along with the South American state of Ecuador, to have its latitude in its name. An oil boom has made Equatorial Guinea rich, and ...
1.3 million inhabitants
Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean.
1.1 million inhabitants
Eswatini is a country in the south of Africa.
1.0 million inhabitants
Djibouti is a country in East Africa.
0.9 million inhabitants
Réunion is an island in the Indian Ocean and French overseas department.
0.8 million inhabitants
Comoros is an island nation in the Indian Ocean.
0.6 million inhabitants
Western Sahara is a country on the Atlantic coast of northwest Africa.
0.5 million inhabitants
Cape Verde is an African island nation.
0.3 million inhabitants
Mayotte is an archipelago and French overseas department in the Indian Ocean.
0.2 million inhabitants
São Tomé and Príncipe is an island nation off the coast of Africa.
The Seychelles are an island nation in the Indian Ocean.
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha is a British overseas territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean.