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Armenia

Travel Guide 2022

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The world knows this country as "Armenia", but the people of the former Transcaucasian Soviet Republic speak of "Hayastan". Armenia shares a 25-kilometer border with Iran and is a neighbor of Turkey and Georgia. Although the country is located in a subtropical zone, it has a mostly dry continental climate. This is due solely to its altitude on the threshold of Asia Minor. Ninety percent of the country's surface lies at an altitude of more than one thousand metres. Armenia committed itself to the protection of nature early on and opened reserves and national parks. Today, they are a destination for holidaymakers who hope to experience intense nature in Khosrov, not far from the capital Yerevan, and on the banks of the Aras River.

Armenia at a glance

Population2.930.000
LanguageArmenian
Area29800 km2
ContinentEurope
CurrencyArmenian Dram (AMD)
Neighboring countriesGeorgia, Iran, Azerbaijan und Turkey

Guide to Armenia

Who does not know them – the famous questions to Radio Yerevan? And most people also know the answers: “In principle – yes…”. If Radio Yerevan had been asked at some point whether the capital of Armenia was older than the city of Rome, it would probably have answered in the old habit: “In principle – yes!”

And there is some truth in this, because on the territory of today’s metropolis, according to ancient documents, there was already a fortress called Erebuni around the year 782 BC. Several centuries later, the settlement there was conquered by Turks and finally destroyed by Persians. For a long time Armenia was occupied by Russia, before the country gained independence after the fall of the Soviet Union and the “Iron Curtain” in 1991. Thereupon a rural exodus began, which led to Yerevan becoming a city of millions. Every third Armenian lives here.

The Caucasus Mountains shape the face of this interesting country with a mountain range 180 kilometres long. Popular sights are the fortified monasteries of Haghbat and Sanahin near the town of Alaverdi. They are considered to be highlights of Armenian sacral architecture and were built in the 10th and 13th centuries. The monastery Geghard in the upper valley of Azat should also be seen during a trip to Armenia. Here a place of pilgrimage was carved into the rock.