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Egypt

Travel Guide 2022

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Egypt is the state in the Nile River basin. The entire population lives here on one thirtieth of the country's land area. With the construction of the Aswan Dam, the danger of flooding was averted and the farmers were able to irrigate their fields all year round. Egypt is the land of the pyramids and thus the evidence of the oldest advanced civilization in the world. The power of the pharaohs was based on their conviction that they were gods in the form of men. Their capital was Memphis, not far from today's capital Cairo. Modern Egypt opened up to tourism, created holiday resorts on the Red Sea and saved the rock temples of Abu Simbel on the banks of the Nile.

Egypt at a glance

Population94.799.000
LanguageArabic
Area1001450 km2
ContinentAsia
CurrencyEgyptian Pound (EGP)
Neighboring countriesLibya, Sudan, Israel und State of Palestine

Guide to Egypt

Egypt is something like a treasure trove of history. It is the land where, over a long period of time, the pharaohs were untouchable rulers and left posterity testimonies of inconceivable dimensions. Even the Greeks and Romans marvelled at the pyramids on the Nile. Until the early 19th century, Egypt was a distant and foreign land for Europe and America. It was not until Napoleon landed with his troops in North Africa that news of the legendary temples and tombs reached the Old and New Worlds.

Even today, Egypt exudes a unique charm, and anyone standing in front of the Temple of Ramses in Abu Simbel or the Pyramids of Giza near Cairo is stunned. These are all legacies from an era in this country’s history when power and glory were one. The majority of holidaymakers who now travel to the former religious and political centre at Karnak, or then to Luxor, embark on a luxurious boat for a river cruise in Minia. The passengers glide leisurely past the excavation results on both sides of the Nile bank.

Almost all of them then land in Luxor, the Mecca of pilgrims following in the footsteps of the pharaohs. This is where the history of the country began, and the people who lived in this part of North Africa invented writing and the first usable calendar. This was an advanced civilization without equal. Islam is Egypt’s state religion, and the chief mufti is the spiritual leader of the country. Worth seeing is Islamic Cairo with more than five hundred mosques and a huge citadel. Cairo is lively and above all noisy. After a visit to the metropolis with its bazaar, where almost everything is carried to the market that is saleable, the sunny days in this impressive country end at the coastal strips of the Red Sea.

There the country presents itself from its modern side. This is the “Majorca of the Middle East” with the beaches of Hurghada, Ouseir and Marsa Alam as well as the diving destination on Giftun Island. In Egypt, holidaymakers vacillate between the memory of a bygone era and the comforts of oases of civilisation.