two international airports, from which the
Direct flights take between 2.5 and 3h from Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
The journey varies from one to two days and is relatively inexpensive.
From Venice and Ancona there are car ferries to Istanbul, which take you three nights.
The shortest journey by ferry is from the Italian ports of Otranto or Brindisi to Igoumenitsa/Greece and on by car via Thessaloniki to Istanbul.