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South China Sea

The South China Sea, as part of the China Sea, is located in Asia and on the edge of the Pacific Ocean. Located between the Gulf of Thailand and the Gulf of Tonkin, it forms a link between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. Its area is 3.685.000 km², the deepest point is 5016 m below sea level.

The South China Sea is bordered by China to the north, and the Indochinese Peninsula and Malaysia to the west. To the east are the islands of Taiwan, Luzon, Palawan and Borneo. Bordering countries are the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of China on Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia and Vietnam.

Some of the most important international shipping lanes are concentrated here. An estimated half of the goods shipped annually make their way through the South China Sea. This and the rich oil and natural gas deposits are the reason for the region’s great geopolitical importance. China in particular is interested in steadily expanding its influence there.

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