Travel Guide 2022
Bolivia at a glance
|Neighboring countries||Peru, Chile, Paraguay, Brazil und Argentina|
Guide to Bolivia
For a frighteningly long time, Bolivia was considered the epitome of crime and drug trafficking. And since independence, which was won not least by Simon Bolivar in 1825, the country has experienced no less than two hundred coups or at least attempted coups. Bolivia has always been unstable with a poor population. In 2009, the just re-elected President Morales said, “Today a new Bolivia is being founded, with equal opportunities for all…” A new constitution, in which Bolivia found itself a multiethnic state with 37 official languages, was also supposed to serve this purpose. But Bolivia’s hopes for better times fizzled out and the promise of a “good life” for all, faded into nothingness. Situated between the riparian states of Argentina, Peru, Chile and Brazil, the country remains one of the poorest in South America.
And yet it has a fascinating scenic beauty with the Cordilleras and their peaks over 6,000 meters and an interesting treeless highland steppe of the Altiplano. Where the desert loses itself in a salt plain lies the Salar de Uyuni, which at 12,000 square kilometres is the largest salt lake on earth. Two rivers irrigate large parts of Colombia: the Rio Grande and the Rio Beni. Both are headwaters of the Amazon. The state, which has no access to the sea, is located in the tropical zone of South America. It is a country where the animal world is largely extinct and where only in the lonely canyons and high pastures of the Andes pumas and deer have still found a niche for their existence. After all, the mighty condor, the king of the skies, is one of the survivors. Across Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable body of water in the world, runs the border between Bolivia and Peru. The lake, which can be up to 281 metres deep, was the “Sacred Sea” of the Incas and is fed by numerous small mountain rivers.
Sucre is the capital of Bolivia, home to one of the oldest universities on the South American continent and is considered the most beautiful colonial city in the country. In its old town, numerous houses have been declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Here the holidaymaker encounters women with pleated skirts, bowler hats and stoles. They are still synonymous with poverty in Bolivia.